There is a misconception that trees do not need pruning until they mature. It’s common for people to ignore pruning needs on trees until they are mature because that’s when pruning needs are the most obvious. Tree owners then notice low hanging branches, dead branches, and a dense canopy and then call for a tree pruning company to come and remedy the situation. There’s nothing wrong with doing so at that point, but if you properly prune a tree when it is young, you will save money on pruning services in the future as well as create a healthier tree. To understand this, you must first understand some basic tree biology as it relates to pruning.
When you make a cut on a tree it is an injury to the tree. Trees are NOT like people. When people get a cut, the body will re-generate new cells to replace the dead ones. Not so with trees. Trees can’t re-generate, they can only generate. This means they can’t do anything with dead cells except to try to generate new cells around the injury. This is called C.O.D.I.T. (Compartmentalization of Decay In Trees). In the case of a small branch being removed, a trees ability to compartmentalize the dead tissue is very likely if the cut was made properly, because the growth of new cells is quicker than the rate of decay of the dead cells. On the outside, it’s visible as a ring forms around a pruning cut and covers it over.
This also happens inside the tree. What you see on the outside is one of the “4 Walls”. Inside, the tree grows new tissue to keep the decaying, wounded tissue from spreading into more healthy tissue.
When a Certified Arborist prunes a young tree, they can see what many tree owners do not. They can examine a tree and understand which branches will need to be pruned years later. Making cuts to remove small branches eliminates those particular branches of the tree to become a problem later. Crossing and touching branches are removed. Low limbs that will be issues in the future are pruned. The Arborist attempts to create the most ideal natural scaffold of branches to promote a healthy, well-structured mature tree. This not only takes less time and money spent, but the tree can compartmentalize these small cuts much better than a large limb being removed in the future.
A Certified Arborist not only knows which branches to prune, but knows how to prune them the right way. Pruning a branch at an incorrect angle or leaving too little or too less of a stub will cause even more health issues. Proper pruning is both an art and a science that a good Arborist understands and executes. If you are not properly trained or unable to perform such a service to your trees search for a company that employs Certified Arborists to prune your trees for the best possible future.
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